There have been a number of initiatives to assess levels of forest governance, these aiming to increase understanding of what ‘good governance’ entails, and how best to improve it. These include a diagnostic tool developed by PROFOR (2012) as well as the work of Chatham House to assess the response to illegal logging, including how governments are responding to the issue through policy development and implementation.
Forest governance refers to the organisations, people, rules, instruments and processes through which decisions are made relating to forests. Key elements of good forest governance include the existence of effective institutions, transparency, low levels of corruption, consistent and clear legislation, secure forest tenure and access rights, and political stability. The absence of these often lies at the root of illegal logging.