There is widespread illegal logging in the country. In 2013, it was estimated that nearly half of the country’s timber exports to China were illegal (EIA, 2013). The cross-border smuggling of illegal timber between Mozambique and Tanzania is also a problem. In 2012 the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding aimed at improving management of forest and wildlife resources, including through improved cooperation on law enforcement to reduce the trade in illegal timber.
About 50% of Mozambique’s land area is forested; none of the country’s primary forests remain. Mozambique’s forests are state-owned, and about half are allocated for production. The annual rate of deforestation for the period 2010-15 was 0.5% (FAO, 2015).