Italy is a major importer of timber products. In 2011, 500,000 cubic metres of timber was produced domestically, compared to imports of over 20 million cubic metres (round wood equivalent). Nearly 80% of imports are from within the EU, primarily from Austria and Germany (ETTF, 2013). Italy has a public procurement policy for paper and furniture (Brack, 2014). As an EU Member State, Italy is required to implement the EU Timber Regulation, which came into force in March 2013.
30% of Italy’s land area is covered by forests. The majority of Italy’s forests are privately owned, while one third are state-owned. Forest cover has been increasing over the period 1990-2015, at an annual rate of 0.8%. Much of this growth is due to the expansion of plantations, which account for over 5% of the forest area (FAO, 2015).