Illegal logging is a significant problem in the DRC. NGO reports published in recent years have revealed particular problems with the misuse of artisanal logging permits by industrial companies. Nearly 90% of logging in the DRC is informal, small-scale logging to supply domestic and regional markets (Chatham House, 2014).
The government of the DRC has taken some steps to curb the trade in illegal timber. A new Forest Code was introduced in 2002, which introduces a fairer allocation process for timber concessions, maintains traditional forest user rights, encourages public participation in decision making, and promotes sustainable forest management. The country also began negotiations for a voluntary partnership agreement (VPA) with the EU in October 2010 (Chatham House, 2014, EFI).