This change reflects the government’s efforts to protect the country’s environment, which have included the establishment of protected areas and forest reserves, and policies to increase incentives for sustainable management of the country’s natural resources. However, illegal logging remains a problem in the country (Conservation Magazine, 2011).
Just over half of Costa Rica’s land area is covered by forests, around a quarter of which are primary forests. The rate of deforestation in the country was high between 1990 and 2000, at 0.8% per year. However, since then the forest area has been expanding, at a rate of about 1% annually (FAO, 2015).