Ending Global Deforestation: Policy Options for Consumer Countries

18 Sep 2013
Chatham House (Duncan Brack)


Summary points:

  • Efforts to tackle illegal logging and improve forest governance over the past ten years have included measures aimed at excluding illegal timber from consumer-country markets, including public procurement policy, bilateral agreements introducing licensing systems, and legal and company due diligence requirements;
  • Clearance for agriculture is a far more significant global driver of deforestation, and consumer countries similarly provide markets for exports of illegal and unsustainable agricultural commodities; the main EU imports of commodities associated with deforestation are palm oil, soy, beef and leather, and cocoa;
  • The report considers the feasibility of applying the same kind of consumer-country measures that have been used with effect to exclude illegal timber to agricultural commodity supply chains;
  • Measures considered include public procurement policy, differential tariffs, other government regulations (such as biofuels), bilateral agreements, requirements on companies, due diligence in finance and investment, and working with the private sector.