Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Act

Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Act

The Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Act came into effect on 29 November 2012, and prohibits both the import and processing of illegally logged timber and timber products. Under the Act, companies importing timber and timber products into Australia and processors of domestically produced logs are required to carry out due diligence so as to minimise the risk of illegally logged timber being present in their supply chains. Importers also need to make a customs declaration about their compliance with the due diligence requirements. 

The Act defines illegally logged timber as any timber harvested in contravention of the laws in place in the country of origin. The timber products to which the Act applies, and the due diligence requirements for importers and processors, are defined under the accompanying Illegal Logging Prohibition Amendment Regulation. These requirements came into effect on 30 November 2014.

The government has prepared a series of specific guidelines for those countries that are important suppliers of timber to Australia, to help importers understand the legal frameworks for harvesting timber in these countries. It has also worked with industry to develop a range of guidance materials for implementing the due diligence requirements. These various guidelines are available on the Australian government’s website.