Myanmar (Burma)

Myanmar (Burma)

Almost half of Myanmar’s land area is covered by forests, of which just 10% are primary forests. There has been extensive deforestation in the country, and this has increased in recent years, driven by the rapid expansion of commercial agriculture and infrastructure (Forest Trends, 2015). The annual rate of deforestation was 1.8% for the period 2010-15 (FAO, 2015).

Illegal logging is a significant problem in the country, with poor governance, weak law enforcement and conflict hindering efforts to address the problem.

In 2012, the EU lifted its sanctions against Myanmar, opening the way for the legal trade in timber (EIA, 2012). The following year, the government of Myanmar expressed its interest in negotiating a voluntary partnership agreement (VPA) with the EU, and preparations for the start of formal negotiations are underway (Myanmar Forest Department, 2014).