India is one of the world’s largest importers of wood-based products: about 30% of India’s timber demand is met by imports. It is also a major consumer of illegal timber. The volume of illegal imports has been rising, and in 2012 almost 20% of timber imports were estimated to be illegal. There has been limited recognition of the problem within the country, and little response from the government to date (Chatham House, 2014).
20% of India is covered by forest, of which over 20% are protected. The area of forest has been increasing over the last few decades: the annual rate of afforestation was 0.4% for the period 1990-2015 (FAO, 2015).