Brazil is a leading producer, processor and consumer of wood-based products. The majority of the country’s log production comes from plantations and plantation products account for nearly all the country’s exports – primarily pulp and paper. The country’s main export markets are the EU, China, the US and Japan. Production from natural forests is nearly all from the Legal Amazon, and this primarily supplies the country’s domestic market (Chatham House, 2014).
Illegal logging has long been a widespread problem in Brazil. Considerable effort has been put into improving law enforcement, and this was an important factor in reducing rates of deforestation in the previous decade. However, while there is a relatively strong legal framework, and the country makes extensive use of remote sensing technology, illegality, corruption and fraud remain widespread in the forest sector (Chatham House, 2014).