The biofuel sector has a fundamental distinction from other sectors consuming agricultural commodities in terms of sustainability of supply chains. In the EU, United States and many countries...
Program that cuts illegal logging by providing high quality health care in Borneo wins major conservation award
The co-founder of an initiative that discourages illegal logging by bringing affordable, high quality health care to impoverished communities in Indonesian Borneo has been recognized with a prestigious conservation award.
Dr. Hotlin Ompusunggu, co-founder of Alam Sehat Lestari (ASRI), was this week awarded the £30,000 Whitley Award during a ceremony hosted in London by Princess Anne.
Alam Sehat Lestari (ASRI) partners with Health In Harmony, a U.S.-based group, to deliver healthcare to communities living around Gunung Palung National Park in the province of West Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo. Research by the organizations has found that healthcare costs — which amount to more than 40 percent of average spending in the targeted communities — is a major driver of illegal logging. Timber is cut from protected areas in order to pay for basic treatment, which is often poor at best. But clearing forests exacerbates health problems by increasing incidence of insect-transmitted disease like malaria; reducing available of fresh water (local people at times turn to pricey bottled water); worsening air pollution, aggregating respiratory ailments; and contributing to worsening flooding.
The ASRI/Health in Harmony is working to address this cycle by providing extremely low-cost health care to communities that agree to reduce illegal logging. Communities that don't sign the agreement still receive access to top quality health care but see smaller subsidies. Local people have several payment options, including training in organic gardening, making handicrafts, and helping with reforestation. Already some participants have seen dividends beyond receiving treatment — incomes of some smallholders have been substantially increased by adopting organic agricultural techniques, which sharply cut input costs and allow farmers to grow more valuable crops like vegetables.
ASRI and Health in Harmony are now building a clinic to handle a wider full-range of health conditions and ailments. Once the clinic is complete, there is interest in expanding the program to other parts of Indonesia and talk of using it as a model to deliver benefits from the proposed Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) forest conservation program.
Health in Harmony won mongabay.com's "Innovation in Conservation" Award in 2008.
Assessing illegal logging
Chatham House is assessing the scale and effectiveness of the response to illegal logging and the related trade around the world. Full details of this work, including analysis and data, will be available online soon.