Since 2009, the impoverished island nation of Madagascar has fallen prey to a mafia a of illegal rosewood traders, threatening all that remains of its once pristine forests, home to some of the...
French company CMA-CGM facilitating destruction of Madagascar's rainforests, undermining France's position in Copenhagen
Delmas, a subsidiary of French shipping giant CMA-CGM, is facilitating the destruction of Madagascar's endangered rainforests by providing transport services for timber illegally logged from the country's national parks, report multiple sources that have been investigating the illegal rosewood trade on the Indian Ocean island nation. The accusations put Delmas directly in conflict with the French government's push at climate talks in Copenhagen to establish stronger safeguards against illegal logging.
Global Witness, the Environmental Investigative Agency (EIA), and a number of other groups and individuals have painstakingly documented the illegal rosewood trade over the past several months. Their work shows that four shipping companies have shipped rosewood from Madagascar this year — United Africa Feeder Line (UAFL), Spanfreight, Safmarine, and Delmas. Three of these have agreed to stop carrying rosewood following criticism, but Delmas continues to transport illegally logged timber despite repeated complaints from conservation groups.
Delmas has brushed off the criticism claiming that it has the authorization of Madagascar's Minister of Environment and Forests. Yet Adam Khedouri of the EIA, who participated in the investigation, told Rowan Moore Gerety of mongabay.com that Delmas has "been given pretty clear evidence that what they're transporting--the merchandise itself is of illegal origin." Further, reports out of northeastern Madagascar indicate that a shipment planned for the 21st or 22nd of December out of Vohemar lacks the approval of the Minister of Environment and Forests. The shipment could include up to 200 containers of rosewood with a retail value of $200 million.
Sources on the ground say Vohemar and other towns are preparing for next week's shipment.
"There is rosewood all over the place in Vohemar, trucks filled with rosewood with drivers paid 150,000 Ariary ($75)," said one source. "This is twice the mean monthly salary for a driver and clearly shows that some export is planned and fairly soon."
"Illegal logging started again in the Masoala peninsula because everybody knows that another boat will arrive around the 22nd of December to take all the containers left in Vohémar," another source told mongabay.com. "Logs are still being stolen by night" out of other protected areas. The source also provided pictures showing logs being moved down rivers on the west coast of the Masoala peninsula in preparation for shipment. Rosewood logging of any sort is illegal following the expiration of a brief period of legalized logging on November 30, 2009.
Other shipping companies may also be involved in the trade. But containers carrying rosewood are transshipped in nearby Reunion or Mauritius, making it difficult to track which firms are transporting timber to its final destination.
Assessing illegal logging
Chatham House is assessing the scale and effectiveness of the response to illegal logging and the related trade around the world. Full details of this work, including analysis and data, will be available online soon.